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PPL

Music Licensing For Your Classes

PPL Exercise to Music Licence and what you need to know.

At Pure Energy Music we gets lots of people asking us about PPL and yes it can be very confusing! Hopefully the following information will help you understand PPL, the changes that PPL made in 2013 and how this affects what you need for your classes.

What is PPL?

PPL is the uk-based music licensing company. Established in 1934, PPL carries out its role on behalf of thousands of record company and performer members to ensure the people who invest, time, money and talent in making recorded music are fairly paid for the use of their work. PPL does not retain a profit for its services.

What is the difference Between PPL and PRS?

PPL collects and distributes money for the use of recorded music on behalf of record companies and performers. PRS for music, collects and distributes money for the use of music and lyrics on behalf of songwriters, composers and publishers.

Why do I need a Licence?

Under copyright, designs and Patents Act 1988, the copyright owner's permission is needed to play sound recordings in public. PPL grants permission on behalf of copyright owners.

Pricing of PPL - What is it going to cost me?

Under PPL's ‘Exercise to Music’ tariff the responsibility for holding a valid PPL licence for group exercise classes in fitness centres lies with the operators of those centres. The operator's licence must cover all of its exercise classes where PPL’s works will be used for an annual period.

Fitness instructors will still be required to hold a valid PPL licence for any classes that they operate on premises other than fitness centres (e.g. hired halls, community buildings and offices. The tariff is based on a fee per exercise class as shown below:

£1.47 + VAT in May 2016 - April 2017

£1.47 + VAT + RPI in May 2017 - April 2018

To determine your annual class number under the tariff, refer to your schedules, timetables and records in order to calculate the expected annual number of classes you will teach from the start date of your licence for the forthcoming year. You should not include any classes where you are employed to teach in fitness centres, residential care homes, hospitals or hospices. You must make a reasonable assessment to reflect potential changes in your schedules.

F.A.Qs

Q - I teach all my classes in a fitness centre, how does this affect me?

A - PPL place the emphasis on fitness centres to pay the licence fee for exercise to music classes, if all your classes are in these centres then you won’t need a PPL licence.

Q - What is the definition of a fitness centre?

A - This means any public or private exercise or leisure centre whether operated as a business, by a Local Authority, Leisure Trust, on a voluntary basis or otherwise (including, without limitation, gymnasiums, leisure centres, health clubs, aquatic centres, recreation centres, sport centres, incidental fitness amenities and speciality centres).

Q - I teach 1 class a week outside fitness centres and the rest in fitness centres what do I need to do?

A - You need to get a PPL licence (You can get this through Pure Energy) for the 52 classes you teach outside Fitness Centres, this will currently be £76.44 + VAT. (52 x £1.47)

Q - I only teach 20 classes a year how much will this cost?

A - The minimum PPL licence is for 35 classes and costs £51.45 (35 x £1.47), you will have to take this even though you only teach 20 classes a year.

Q - What legal right do PPL have to enforce these fees?

A - Under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, the copyright owner's permission is needed to play sound recordings (ie recorded music) in public. PPL grants this permission on behalf of copyright owners.

Q - Our number of classes goes up and down every month so how can we declare an accurate figure for the year?

A - You should assess your records and existing class schedules to calculate the expected number of classes for the forthcoming year. You should make a reasonable assessment to reflect potential changes in schedules. When you come to renew your licence, if the actual number of classes is different, you will be able to make an adjustment.

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